How do I get rid of hormonal dark skin?
Medication with hydroquinone and retinoic acid are used to treat hyperpigmentation. It may take a few months to lighten the dark spots. Laser therapy is also used to treat hyperpigmentation. Homecare remedies and use of sunscreen are also helpful.
The Hormonal One: MELASMA
It's caused by hormone imbalances and is why expectant mothers, and women on birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy typically have brown or tan patches on their faces. Couple this surge in hormones with sun exposure and it's hello melasma, bye-bye to that perfectly even skin tone.
Melasma is a common skin disorder. It most often appears in young women with brownish skin tone, but it can affect anyone. Melasma is often associated with the female hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Yes, it's possible that your melasma will go away on its own within a few months. However, it is not likely to go away while you're pregnant or taking hormone contraceptives. Take preventative steps like avoiding sunlight to keep your melasma from getting worse or, if it does fade away, to keep it from coming back.
Researchers found that skin color can be regulated by estrogen and progesterone, two of the main female sex hormones. Estrogen darkens the skin; progesterone lightens the skin.
Estrogen and progesterone are two of the major factors responsible for catamenial hyperpigmentation of the skin. Generally, the changes happen in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle when the serum levels of sex hormones are at their peak.
To reduce hormonal pigmentation, one could resort to chemical peels, laser therapy, microdermabrasion and other cosmetic procedures. Sunscreen and sun protective lotions must be used regularly since the condition often worsens with excessive exposure to sunlight.
The hyperpigmentation related to vitamin B12 deficiency is more common in darker-skinned patients. Few other cases of skin hyperpigmentation due to vitamin B12 deficiency have been reported in the literature.
- chemical peels.
- intense pulsed light (IPL)
- laser resurfacing.
Avoiding direct sun exposure during peak hours (10 a.m. to 4 p.m.), diligently using high-SPF sunscreens, and avoiding hormonal medications when possible may help protect against melasma flares and reduce their recurrence after treatment. Strict sun protection is the mainstay of any melasma treatment regimen.